Author: A. Barth
Proverbs and Metaphors Test
Please log in to see the price

Please note that this product can only be administrated if you have an online VTS Standard Subscription or a local VTS version from 8.0.00 or higher.

Field of Application+

Detailed Description+

Assesses concretistic thought disorders.
Concretism is viewed as a typical characteristic of schizophrenic thinking. It is manifested in thought and speech as an impaired ability to understand metaphors. Concretistic patients are unable to grasp the figurative meaning of metaphorical expressions; they tend to understand the metaphor literally. The test is therefore used in clinical neuropsychology.

Test forms+

One test form.


The test presents metaphorical proverbs. Using the multiple-choice principle, the respondent chooses the interpretation option that best explains the meaning of the particular proverb. Answers can be corrected.


Other dimensions

Executive functions




approx. 10 minutes


Norms for ages 16+.

Test administration+

Controlled Mode


The following main variable is scored:
Abstraction ability: Measure of the respondent’s ability to make abstractions when dealing with metaphorical linguistic material.

I would like: +
My data +
My Message +
Products specifications
Test informationwide norm spectrum <i class="fas fa-info-circle tooltips test-info" data-container="body" data-placement="top" data-toggle="tooltip" title="In tests with a wide norm spectrum the norms cover a wide age range (wider than ages 16-84), or multiple norm samples (at least two) are available."></i>
Test informationconforms to the Rasch-model <i class="fas fa-info-circle tooltips test-info" data-container="body" data-placement="top" data-toggle="tooltip" title="For a test that conforms to the Rasch model the validity of the Rasch model or a comparable probabilistic test theory model has been proved. This means that all the test's item groups have been proved to measure one dimension and to be fair for various sociodemographic groups (such as different age groups)."></i>
DimensionsOther dimensions
DimensionsExecutive functions
Test typeSpecial Ability Tests