Search
English
All Categories
    Menu Close
    Tower of London – Freiburg version
    Please log in to see the price

    Please note that this product can only be administrated if you have an online VTS Standard Subscription or a local VTS version from 8.0.00 or higher.

    Field of Application+

    NEURO
    TRAFFIC
    SPORT
    HR
    Detailed Description+

    Assesses planning ability in psychiatric and neurological patients and healthy individuals.
    The test is used where impairment of the executive functions in general and planning ability in particular is suspected. However, the Tower of London can also be used as an ability test with healthy respondents. Planning ability refers here to the ability to plan ahead in a given context on the basis of clear rules, thereby arriving at the correct solution in the optimum way. Testing this ability is recommended in various neurological and psychiatric disorders in which impairment of planning ability is to be expected. This test is used in clinical neuropsychology to evaluate planning ability in detail; it provides a precise assessment that can be used as a basis for therapeutic intervention.

    Test forms+

    S1: Standard form A S2: Standard form B S3: Standard form C S11: Short form A
    S12: Short form A
    S13: Short form C

    Task+

    An image depicts a three-dimensional wooden model with three rods on which three balls of different colors are placed. These need to be moved into various arrangements, depending on the task. The left rod holds three balls, the middle rod takes two and the right rod has room for one. In each task the target state is always shown in the upper part of the screen and the starting state in the lower part. To solve the problem the respondent must change the starting state into the target state. The minimum number of moves required to achieve this is shown to the left of the starting state. Various rules must be observed, such as the rule that only one ball can be moved at a time.

    Dimensions+

    Cognitive abilities

    Executive functions

    Languages+

    Hungarian

    Turkish

    Dutch

    English (USA)

    French

    Italian

    Portuguese

    Spanish

    German

    Polish

    Russian

    Chinese

    Czech

    Hindi

    Slovene

    Duration+

    approx. 11-16 minutes, depending on test form

    Age+

    Norms for ages 13+.

    Test administration+

    Controlled Mode


    Scoring+

    The following main variable is scored:

    Planning ability: Measure of the ability to plan ahead in a given context on the basis of clear rules, thereby arriving at the correct solution in the optimum way. Details are reported of error types, such as systematic rule infringements or changes of mind while working the items, and of planning and execution times.

    I would like: +
    My data +
    *
    *
    *
    *
    *
    My Message +
    Products specifications
    LanguagesChinese
    LanguagesCzech
    LanguagesDutch
    LanguagesEnglish (USA)
    LanguagesFrench
    LanguagesGerman
    LanguagesHindi
    LanguagesHungarian
    LanguagesItalian
    LanguagesPolish
    LanguagesPortuguese
    LanguagesRussian
    LanguagesSlovene
    LanguagesSpanish
    LanguagesTurkish
    Test informationwide norm spectrum <i class="fas fa-info-circle tooltips test-info" data-container="body" data-placement="top" data-toggle="tooltip" title="In tests with a wide norm spectrum the norms cover a wide age range (wider than ages 16-84), or multiple norm samples (at least two) are available."></i>
    Test informationparallel test form <i class="fas fa-info-circle tooltips test-info" data-container="body" data-placement="top" data-toggle="tooltip" title="In tests with parallel forms at least one test form is available with content that is entirely equivalent to another form of the test. However, the parallel test forms use different item material."></i>
    Test informationlanguage-free item material <i class="fas fa-info-circle tooltips test-info" data-container="body" data-placement="top" data-toggle="tooltip" title="A test that uses language-free item material is one that can be worked by a respondent with no linguistic knowledge, provided that the instructions have been understood (for example with support from the test administrator)."></i>
    Test informationconforms to the Rasch-model <i class="fas fa-info-circle tooltips test-info" data-container="body" data-placement="top" data-toggle="tooltip" title="For a test that conforms to the Rasch model the validity of the Rasch model or a comparable probabilistic test theory model has been proved. This means that all the test's item groups have been proved to measure one dimension and to be fair for various sociodemographic groups (such as different age groups)."></i>
    DimensionsCognitive abilities
    DimensionsExecutive functions
    Test typeSpecial Ability Tests